Melville St from the Hobart Gaol 140 years ago

Photographer Thomas J. Nevin and Constable John (Jack)  Nevin at H.M. Gaol 1860s



Panorama of Hobart from the Domain, showing the Hobart Gaol, Penitentiary Chapel and Melville Street on viewer's left. Archives Office Tasmanian Ref: NS052420



Hobart Gaol and Penitentiary Chapel, Hobart
TAHO Ref: LPIC147_3_190

The tower of the Penitentiary Chapel, which is now a National Trust property, is the key landmark (building E on the map). Melville St is further to the left of the Chapel, on the other side of the site, and ended abruptly at the Governor's Quarters (building G).





Photo taken of map pasted to a window at the Penitentiary Chapel Historic Site, Campbell St. Hobart.
Copyright © KLW NFC Imprint 2008 ARR.

The photograph (below) was taken by Thomas Nevin in July 1868 on a day of heavy snowfall.





'Melville St West Hobart under snow'
TMAG Collection Ref: Q9134

The verso of this photograph carries Thomas Nevin's most common commercial studio stamp and the wording "This by W. J. T. Stops Esq."which suggests that the photograph was presented to Frederick Stops by Nevin in 1868, perhaps as a gift to Emily Stops on the birth of their daughter, and was then passed down to his son W. J. T. Stops, who subsequently donated it to the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery from the Stops estate or even  from the University archives (Royal Society Collection) where more of Nevin’s photographs are held. It was then inscribed by an archivist on accession with the note - "This by W.J.T. Stops Esq". Frederick Stops and photographer Thomas Nevin were well acquainted for several reasons, the first being the dissolution of Thomas Nevin's partnership with Robert Smith operating as the firm "Nevin & Smith" in February 1868 which was underwritten by Frederick Stops' employer and Nevin's family solicitor, the Hon. W R. Giblin, Attorney-General.

Thomas Nevin exhibited this photograph at the Wellington Park Exhibition, Hobart, in July 1868. It was reproduced in the publication Tasmanian Photographers 1840-1940: A Directory (Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, 1995:82).



Nevin's chosen position to take the photograph was from the second storey of the Governor's Quarters. His camera captured the right side of Melville Street, and a wider vista of Mount Wellington to the north west. This photograph is yet another which suggests Nevin's association with the Hobart Gaol administration in 1868 when his solicitor W.R. Giblin, later Attorney-General, acted on his behalf to dissolve his partnership with Robert Smith, of the firm Nevin & Smith.

A few years earlier, ca. 1865, Thomas Nevin's younger brother Jack Nevin (Constable John Nevin) posed for a photograph in the courtyard of the Hobart Gaol, seen in this stereograph, left hand on hip, in the company of a prison official, possibly the Superintendent T.P. Ball.



Location: W.L. Crowther Library
ADRI: AUTAS001124851627 (auto color-corrected)

For further discussion of this stereograph, see this article here.

This stereograph, and others taken at the same time and place of the Prisoners Barracks (see below) are held at the State Library of Tasmania, and although unattributed, they were most likely taken by Thomas Nevin  working with Alfred Bock between 1863-1866 at their studio, 140 Elizabeth St. Hobart. The Nevin brothers' association with the Hon. W. R. Giblin and the Hobart Gaol continued throughout the 1870s and 1880s while Nevin was contracted to the Municipal Police Office as prisons photographer, both as a commercial photographer on tender, and as a full-time civil servant. His principal studio, The City Photographic Establishment, was located one block away, close to the corner of Melville and Elizabeth Streets directly to the west. During his contracted years under tender he used the studio to display photographs of absconders and others under warrant. His younger brother Constable John Nevin was a salaried employee and resident in training as keeper of the Hobart Gaol (H. M. Prisons) from the early 1870s until his death in 1891. He acted as his brother's photographic assistant and eventual prison photographer in the 1880s.

Hobart Gaol governors house facing Melville St

Source: eHeritage images, State Library of Tasmania
Title: The Gaol Governor's House which blocked Melville Street.
Photographer: J. Hutchinson
Date: 1961
Notes:Monochrome photograph laminated over a white cardboard mount. The prison walls of the Hobart Penitentiary flank either side of this two storied house. The road surface in front of the house is uneven and unsealed. The house was in use in from the 1850s until November 1960. It was demolished in 1963.
Ref: PCH_00005


It was from this building, which by 1900 was called the Superintendent's house, that Nevin took the Melville St. photograph. The public entrance to this building was from Melville St, which terminated at its front gate (photo above), rather than the Gaol's entrance in Campbell St (photo below).

HM Gaol Supers house Campbell St

Archives Office of Tasmania
PH30/1/3691
Title: The Superintendent's House
Subject: architectural styles, buildings, gaols, official residences, prison officers, prisons, residences, residences, official
Locality: Campbell Street, Campbell Street, Hobart
Date: 1900


These identification photographs of convicts were taken by the Nevin brothers at the Hobart Gaol and at the Town Hall Municipal Police Office.



Photo © KLW NFC Imprint 2008 ARR.

This poster of Thomas Nevin's identification photos of convicts, 1870s, was printed in 1991 from the QVMAG's collection of prisoner cartes. PAHSMA accreditation printed on lower left border: reads

Produced by Port Arthur Historic Site Management Authority, with photographs (circa 1870) from the Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery Beattie Collection



More in the series of stereographs dated ca. 1865 of the Prisoner Barracks and yards of the Hobart Gaol. These and the one above are color adjusted here to show the yellow salt paper on which they were printed:



Courtesy State Library of Tasmania
Location: W.L. Crowther Library
ADRI: AUTAS001124851619
Location: W.L. Crowther Library
ADRI: AUTAS001125299420




Left panel of panorama
State Library of NSW
"Part of Hobart"
Ref:a8816031h

Updated July 2010

Australia's first MUGSHOTS

PLEASE NOTE

Below each image held at the National Library of Australia is their catalogue batch edit which gives the false impression that all these "convict portraits" were taken because these men were transported convicts per se (i.e before cessation in 1853), and that they might have been photographed as a one-off amateur portfolio by a prison official at the Port Arthur prison in 1874, which they were not. Any reference to the Port Arthur prison official A. H. Boyd on the NLA catalogue records is an error, a PARASITIC ATTRIBUTION with no basis in fact. The men in these images were photographed in the 1870s-1880s because they were repeatedly sentenced as habitual offenders whose mugshots were taken on arrest, trial, arraignment, incarceration and/or discharge by government contractor, police and prisons photographer T. J. Nevin at the Supreme Court and adjoining Hobart Gaol with his brother Constable John Nevin, and at the Municipal Police Office, Hobart Town Hall when appearing at The Mayor's Court. The Nevin brothers photographed more than 2000 prisoners, the bulk now lost or destroyed. These extant mugshots were the random estrays salvaged - and reproduced in many instances- for sale at Beattie's local convictaria museum in Hobart and at interstate exhibitions associated with the fake convict ship Success in the early 1900s. The mugshots were selected on the basis of the prisoner's notoriety from the Supreme Court trial registers (Rough Calendar), the Habitual Criminals Registers (Gaol Photo Books), warrant forms, and police gazettes records of the 1870s-1880s. The earliest taken on government contract by T. J. Nevin date from 1872. The police records sourced here are from the weekly police gazettes which were called (until 1884) Tasmania Reports of Crime Information for Police 1871-1885. J. Barnard, Gov't Printer.