Good reading for The Kid 1921: police gazettes

Pictured: Jackie Coogan as the Kid finds something amusing in the Police Gazette ...




Jackie Coogan as Charlie Chaplin's co-star in The Kid (1921) finds something amusing in the Police Gazette.
The Kid Motion Picture © MCMXXI Charles Chaplin
Snapshot from DVD Warner Bros 2009

TASMANIAN POLICE GAZETTES
In 1884, the Colonial Government of Tasmania changed the name of its weekly police gazette from Tasmania Reports of Crime For Police Information (and the alternative - Information for Police) which was published by the government printer James Barnard dating back to its first appearance in 1861 (see Archive Office Tasmania POL709): -



Police gazette Tasmania November 1874

- to Tasmania Police Gazette For Police Information Only.


Police gazette Tasmania January 1884

Between those years, the names of photographer Thomas Nevin, his brother Constable John Nevin, and their father John Nevin (snr) appeared several times; Thomas as the photographer of prisoners, his brother John as an arresting constable and witness at inquests, and their father John Nevin as a victim of burglary. No photographer working in Tasmania other than Thomas Nevin is listed as assisting police in arrests in these years (Thomas Nevin was also assistant bailiff to detectives), but several local photographers were accused or convicted of crimes as serious as larceny ((e.g. Joshua Anson and Frank Miller), as unfortunate as bankruptcy (eg. Cherry, Spurling, and Riise), as mysterious as sudden death - probably from photochemicals (e.g. Haldene Cotsworth) and as inconsequential as drunkeness (e.g. Henry Anson). Some listings pertaining to photographers were notices about their disappearance in other jurisdictions but thought to be in Tasmania, and yet other listings related the cunning of impostors pretending to be photographers, usually con artists sought for theft.

The gazettes would have been commonplace in the Nevin family household, a ready source of amusement for the children, and a key source of information of scheduled Supreme Court sittings and Oyer sessions requiring Thomas Nevin's attendance.

In this notice from page 78 of the 21st May 1875 issue, Thomas Nevin is listed assisting police with the arrest of William Graves. See this article, and the possible "Special Photograph"( a term used by the NSW police of casual photographs taken of offenders prior to their official mugshot- see Peter Doyle, Crooks Like Us 2009) which Nevin took of a man answering Grave's description. In the same issue and on the same page are the names of several other prisoners whom Nevin photographed, and whose photographs are still extant (John Jones, Fitzpatrick, and Robinson see cdvs below).



Tasmanian police gazette, 21st May 1875, p.78: "... assisted by Thomas Nevin"



John Jones,convict known as Flash Jack (NLA Collection)
Photographed by Thomas Nevin at the Hobart Gaol 24 November 1874

This photograph of JOHN JONES whose alias was ELIJAH ELTON is held at the National Library of Australia with the incorrect catalogue record noting his alias as "Brocklehurst" which was in fact the alias of another JONES, that of JAMES JONES (known also as "Spider") - also at the NLA: see mugshot below.



TRANSCRIPT

Vide Crime Report of 11th July 1873, page 118, 25th July, 1873, page 122 and 5th September 1873, page 146.
John Jones, alias Flash Jack, is identical with Elijah Elton, vide Crime Report 1st November, 1872, page 179,and 20th November, 1874, page 189, now undergoing sentence in H.M. Gaol, Hobart Town.Warrants have been lodged against him at the gaol by Mr. Superintendent Griffith, of the Richmond Municipal Police, by whom and Sub-Inspector Harvey,of the Glamorgan Municipal Police, he has been identified.

Source: Tasmania Reports of Crime (Police Gazette) 14 May 1875.

This photograph was taken by Nevin at the Hobart Gaol on November 20th 1874 when John Jones was incarcerated for burglary. In May 1875 it was forwarded to regional police who - as the notice states - correctly identified him from his photograph and issued the further warrants, even while John Jones was still in the gaol serving sentences for his previous crimes.

The mugshot of the other "JONES" - JAMES JONES (also known as Spider) alias James BROCKLEHURST was also taken at the Hobart Gaol by Nevin on 3 March 1875 when James was discharged.:





Police record for JAMES JONES, photographed by Nevin on discharge 3 March 1875.

Below: mugshots by Nevin of Fitzpatrick (NLA) and Robinson (QVMAG):





Australia's first MUGSHOTS

PLEASE NOTE

Below each image held at the National Library of Australia is their catalogue batch edit which gives the false impression that all these "convict portraits" were taken because these men were transported convicts per se (i.e before cessation in 1853), and that they might have been photographed as a one-off amateur portfolio by a prison official at the Port Arthur prison in 1874, which they were not. Any reference to the Port Arthur prison official A. H. Boyd on the NLA catalogue records is an error, a PARASITIC ATTRIBUTION with no basis in fact. The men in these images were photographed in the 1870s-1880s because they were repeatedly sentenced as habitual offenders whose mugshots were taken on arrest, trial, arraignment, incarceration and/or discharge by government contractor, police and prisons photographer T. J. Nevin at the Supreme Court and adjoining Hobart Gaol with his brother Constable John Nevin, and at the Municipal Police Office, Hobart Town Hall when appearing at The Mayor's Court. The Nevin brothers photographed more than 2000 prisoners, the bulk now lost or destroyed. These extant mugshots were the random estrays salvaged - and reproduced in many instances- for sale at Beattie's local convictaria museum in Hobart and at interstate exhibitions associated with the fake convict ship Success in the early 1900s. The mugshots were selected on the basis of the prisoner's notoriety from the Supreme Court trial registers (Rough Calendar), the Habitual Criminals Registers (Gaol Photo Books), warrant forms, and police gazettes records of the 1870s-1880s. The earliest taken on government contract by T. J. Nevin date from 1872. The police records sourced here are from the weekly police gazettes which were called (until 1884) Tasmania Reports of Crime Information for Police 1871-1885. J. Barnard, Gov't Printer.